Zoophilia, from the Greek ζῷον (zṓion, "animal") and φιλία (philia, "friendship" or "love") is the practice of sexual activity between humans and non-human animals (bestiality), or a preference for or fixation on such practice. People who practice zoophilia are known as zoophiles, zoosexuals, or simply "zoos". Zoophilia may also be known as zoosexuality.
Although sex with animals is not outlawed in some countries, it is not explicitly condoned anywhere. In most countries, zoophilic sexual acts are illegal under animal abuse laws or laws dealing with "crimes against nature"; however, the notion that such acts are "abusive" is disputed.
There are three terms that are most commonly used in regards to the subject: zoophilia, bestiality, and zoosexuality. The terms are usually relatively interchangeable. Zoosadism, sodomy, zooerasty and zooerastia are other terms closely related to the subject but are less synonymous with the former terms and/or are not commonly used. "Bestiosexuality" was discussed briefly by Allen (1979), but never became established.
The term "zoophilia" was introduced into the field of research on sexuality in Psychopathia Sexualis (1886) by Krafft-Ebing, who described a number of cases of "violation of animals (bestiality)", as well as "zoophilia erotica", which he defined as a sexual attraction to animal skin or fur.
Zoophilia can refer to sexual activity with non-human animals (bestiality), the desire to do so, or to the paraphilia (atypical arousal) of the same name which indicates a definite preference for animals over humans as sexual partners.
Some zoophiles and researchers draw a distinction between zoophilia and bestiality, using the former to describe the desire to form sexual relationships with animals, and the latter to describe the sex acts alone.
In many jurisdictions, all forms of zoophilic acts are prohibited; others outlaw only the mistreatment of animals, without specific mention of sexual activity. In some countries, such as Denmark, bestiality is not outlawed. It is currently illegal in Canada, Netherlands, 32 U.S. states, Australia, the United Kingdom, New Zealand, Turkey and Ghana. In the UK, Section 63 of the Criminal Justice and Immigration Act 2008 (also known as the Extreme Pornography Act) outlaws images of a person performing or appearing to perform an act of intercourse or oral sex with an animal (whether dead or alive). Countries such as Belgium, Germany, and Russia are somewhere in between: they permit sexual activity with animals, but prohibit the promotion of animal-oriented pornography.
Laws on zoophilia are often triggered by specific incidents. While some laws are very specific, others employ vague terms such as "sodomy" or "bestiality," which lack legal precision and leave it unclear exactly which acts are covered. In the past, some bestiality laws may have been made in the belief that sex with an animal could result in monstrous offspring, as well as offending the community. Current anti-cruelty laws focus more specifically on animal welfare while anti-bestiality law are aimed only at offenses to community standards.
Notable legal views include Sweden, where a 2005 report by the Swedish Animal Welfare Agency for the government expressed concern over the increase in reports of horse-ripping incidents. The agency believed current animal cruelty legislation was not sufficient in protecting animals from abuse and needed updating, but concluded that on balance it was not appropriate to call for a ban. In New Zealand, the 1989 Crimes Bill considered abolishing bestiality as a criminal offense, and instead viewing it as a mental health issue, but they did not, and people can still be prosecuted for it.
Some countries once had laws against single males living with female animals, such as Alpacas. Copulating with a female alpaca is still specifically against the law in Peru.
Until 2005, there was a farm near Enumclaw, Washington that was described as an “animal brothel”, where people paid to have sex with animals. After an incident on July 2, 2005, when a man was pronounced dead in the emergency room of the Enumclaw community hospital after his colon ruptured due to having been sodomized by a horse, the farm garnered police attention. The state legislature of the State of Washington, which had been one of the few states in the United States without a law against bestiality, within six months passed a bill making bestiality illegal.
Legal. A 2006 bid by the Danish People's Party to outlaw bestiality failed after the a report by the Danish Animal Ethics Council determined that existing laws were sufficient protection against abuse.
Legal, as long as no physical harm is made to the animal; formerly illegal but made legal in 1971. Making and importing zoophilia pornography is legal, any trading is illegal.
Legal. Sex with animals is not specifically outlawed (but trading pornography showing it is, cf.). In West Germany, the law making it a crime (§175b StGB) was removed in 1969. East Germany before reunification had no law against bestiality; zoophilia pornography, however, was very restricted. Certain barriers are set by the Animal Protection Law (Tierschutzgesetz).
UPDATE: Thursday 13 December, 2012, the Bundestag passed a tough new law against bestiality, which includes fines of up to 25,000 euros. The law, which is expected to be confirmed in February, is part of a trend that moves beyond Biblically rooted strictures against the “abomination” of the act to focus instead on the perceived damage to the animal (The Globe and Mail)
Legal, as long as no physical harm is made to the animal.
Legal. It was formerly illegal, but made legal in 1944. A 2005 report by the Swedish Animal Welfare Agency for the Swedish government expressed strong concerns over the increase in reports of horse-ripping incidents, although noting that "the rise in documented cases did not necessarily mean that there was a de facto increase", and distinguished zoophilia activity from incidents involving physical injury (zoosadism). The Animal Welfare Agency gave as its opinion that current animal cruelty legislation needed updating as it was not sufficiently protecting animals from abuse, but concluded that on balance it was not appropriate to call for a ban.
The dog in the picture - named Luna after her death - had been raped and killed in Turkey in March 2011.
There is nothing strange about finding a raped dog in Turkey. It happens everywhere and you only have to spend some time on Facebook to discover many many cases, sometimes on a daily basis.
But this case is a little different. The end result is the same, a dog is raped by a human and is killed afterwards... What is different is the location of the crime.
The rape took place right behind the building of the Sincan Municipality in Ankara.
A few meters away from a building constantly surveiled by security, a dog is being raped, her screams are loud, can be heard from the distance. But nobody did anything...
Raping an animal carries no punishment in Denmark. According to the Danish law, it is legal to have sex with an animal, to spread animal pornography, and to have animal brothels. Although the legality of bestiality has been questioned on a number of occasions, a parliament majority believes that it is not necessary to ban sex with animals. Dyrenes Venner (Animal Friends) started a campaign in early 2010 for the introduction of a total ban.
An episode in a TV programme about Danes who have sex with animals, aired in 2008, has sparked a new debate in Denmark.
According to current laws, as long as the animals are not suffering, the government has no problem with bestiality. Danish Internet sites openly advertise sex with animals without any fear of repercussion from authorities, IceNews, reported. A newspaper did a research and in just a few hours work, the newspaper found 22 Danish website adverts for bestiality.
Bestiality is a worldwide occurrence and Europe is not free from it.
In some countries members of the European Union raping an animal carries no punishment, and in Denmark it is even perfectly legal to run animal brothels. Although the legality of bestiality has been questioned on a number of occasions, a Danish parliament majority believes that it is not necessary to ban sex with animals. The fact that defenseless animals can be legally raped in Denmark in a thriving business where their owners profit from inflicting pain, stress, fear and even death on animals, is a disgrace to the entire country, to say the least.
In Germany the law making it a crime (§175b StGB) was removed in 1969. Bestiality is legal in Denmark, Finland, Germany, Hungary, and Sweden where it was formerly illegal, but made legal in 1994. In some countries, sex with animals is legal as long as long as no physical harm is made to the animal, but it is in the nature of the case that animals are often victims of injury, stress and suffering in connection with sexual acts with humans.
While the world looks upon Europe and especially upon the EU as a model in terms of civilization, a simple search on the internet about animal rape cases that had been reported in Europe - ranging from raped dogs to horses - brings many shocking search results. But the reported cases are just the tip of the iceberg - the number of animals that are regularly being raped by their owners, be it at home or in so called animal bordellos, being unknown. The suffering of these animals goes on behind closed doors, largely ignored because of its shameful nature and as it seems, even by our politicians who fail to address the problem and to create laws that protect animals from this kind of abuse. Because abuse it is. Photos of small animals killed miserably during rape are abundant on the internet.
Sexual abuse of animals is one of the most trivial and obscene expressions of human behavior, one of the sickest practices that can be thought of and we believe it is truly deplorable that there are no EU-laws in place that prohibit and severely punish such sadistic behavior in order to protect defenseless animals.
The undersigned of this petition are calling for an EU wide ban on bestiality, including a ban on zoophilia pornography, making both a punishable crime against animals under EU wide laws.
By signing this petition, the above message will be sent instantly to the Chair of the Committee on Petitions at the European Parliament, Mrs Erminia Mazzoni.
The adage that there is strength in numbers holds especially true when it comes to petitions, be it to the EU or other relevant authority. Please add your voice to those of growing numbers of compassionate people from around the world, and let's make a difference!
Together, we can!!!
On date of 8 September, 2012 Occupy for Animals has started - and submitted - this petition to the European Parliament.